Eating is essential to live but life is not for eating. Eating has much influence on personality and health. But, eating disorder unbalance patient’s diet some time it is over and sometime patient avoids to eat. Altogether, eating disorder is a mental illness in which the patient suffers from disturbed diet the interventions have also been addressed by the psychological theories and practices. The theory explicates, that the patients have traumatized from anguished behavior to life-threatening position which ultimately affect patient’s routine whether it is eating or other daily routine. The authors have said about the topic “feelings about work, school, relationships, day-to-day activities and one’s experience of emotional well being are determined by what has or has not been eaten or by a number on a scale.” Most common disorders are Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa which have been recognized by the psychology medical sciences. There are several other types of disorders which are identified as Rumination syndrome, compulsive overeating, and Selective eating disorder.
Eating disorder refers to the overlapping condition in eating which can be treated as patient’s abnormal behavior towards daily eating schedule with numerous forms of conventional psychopathology. By and large medication is helpful to intervene the psychopathology which is linked with anorexia nervosa. Consciousness management and the behavioral therapy measures are helpful in encourage the weight gain in anorexia nervosa. The interventions effectiveness is limited for anorexia nervosa which could be due to the bad body image together with low body weight. The medication of antidepressants can decrease binging, purging in bulimia nervosa and the binge eating disorder; however, this is a self medication to use any antidepressant medicine to release the consciousness about bad body image. The interventions through cognitive or behavioral therapy can also reduce binging and purging, nevertheless, the behavioral therapy is more effectual as compare to medication. This notion indicates that psychotherapy is more effective to intervene the eating disorder than medication. In addition, the changes with the cognitive/behavioral psychotherapy interventions last more than medication and the deterioration rates are very higher and common. Even in the medicated era, most studies conclude that no advantage of medication over cognitive/behavioral therapy alone in the lessening the bulimic symptoms.
Eating disorder has been considered as a disease by psychology studies and its sub fields. Major eating disorder diseases are as under:-
Anorexia nervosa can be determined as some one’s consciousness about the wait loss for bad body image; this consciousness is as serious as to death. There are two types of anorexia nervosa Restricting type and Binge/Purge type. This type of eating disorder is observed very commonly in the society. The modern and stylish word has made it necessary to have a stable body image. This necessity made people conscious about their stylish looks and to have a good body image. Which create seriously bad impact on the heath of people, it is as serious as to death.
Bulimia nervosa refers to the over eating, or to eating under the lead of guilt, shame, embarrassment, and complete failure feeling. The bulimics wants to get control over them. This neurotic behavior is to eat as it can be and to regain the energy to overcome the failure feelings. This situation is also harmful for the well being of a person, the over eating can be resultantly make the people fatty. Fat create numerous heath problems, which will ultimately failure the body system of a person.
Rumination Syndrome is not very common and very rarely diagnosed chronic eating disorder. Patients normally feel vomiting after eating the food. Rumination syndrome verily misdiagnosed as bulimia nervosa by the doctors, it is because of lack of awareness about the disorders, the resemblance in symptoms, and the common age group of the patients.
Orthorexia nervosa was treated as Anorexia and now it is recognized as a new discovered eating disorder disease. This is an obsession of a specific type of healthy food. The patients of orthorexia nervosa do the things like planning the next meals. This determines that the patients have strict schedule of breakfast, lunch and dinner. The patients with orthorexia nervosa are very conscious to know about what other eat.
Selective eating disorder:
Selective Eating Disorder (SED) refers to the selected food eating disorder. It can be observed in the society that most children has this disease they does not eat the meals that they do not like, selective foods would be preferred by the children which some time can be overcome by the patients. On the other hand some patients will continue with the selective eating disorder. These people preferred a specific food variety and do not like to eat other then selective food. This kind of eating disorder will affect in the middle childhood and adolescence, the result of this kind of disorder will be conflict, anxiety, and social avoidance.
Obsessive Compulsive Overeating also known as binge eating, it is one of the very common mental disorders with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The patient in this disease eat very large amount of food in a short time. A very large amount of binge patient is struggling in the United States. The disorder can be developed in any age, but very common in young children. The patient with this disease feels disgust and guilt which lead to depression.
Causes of Disorder:
The environmental causes are very obvious which include family and friends influence. Media is the second largest influential element on the eating disorder because of its advertisement of different food items and to encourage the people to modernize the life styles. In this regard the media advertise the thin products or the products which are not healthy. But the projection has much fascination and affection in it, so, people would go with the fascination and modernization.
The biblical factors are also influential on the eating disorder. Patients with severe obsessive compulsive disorder, depression or bulimia were all found to have abnormally low serotonin levels. Neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine are secreted by the intestines and central nervous system during digestion.
In the family system during the development of children parents does not care of the eating activities of their children. They develop the self care system and prepare a diet plan for them. This creates massive destruction and made them patient of eating disorder.
Eating disorder also is treated under experienced trauma, many of the eating problems begins as continued existence approach other than narcissism or passion with appearance. According to sociologist Becky Thompson, “eating disorders stemming from women of varying socio-economic status, sexual orientation and race, and finds that eating disorders and a disconnected relationship with one’s body is commonly a response to environmental stresses, including sexual, physical, and emotional abuse, racism, and poverty.”
Psychology has explored countless secrets of human brain, and personality and psychology considered as a study of human body, personality, relation between mind and body, behavior, emotional and mental disorders. It is obvious that eating is must to live, but it is also a fact that life is not for eating. For instance, when someone eats healthy food but it is eaten large in amount, it will not give you health and well being. The over eating is circled in eating disorder, and when it is less eating it will affect your health not to keep you healthy, so, less and excessive eating both are disordered eating and only the temperance in eating will be healthy. With all other disorders, the eating disorders should be intervene through medication and through behavioral therapy. The effectiveness of interventions used to treat eating disorder can be determined by the patient’s condition of consciousness about the health and diet. Health is only the guarantee of prosperous and peaceful life, without good health a happy life cannot be lived.
Dedicated to: Trouble Tuning